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Geography topics for you to learn and enjoy
Geography topics for you to learn and enjoy
India map

Facts about India

Geography map of india | geography of india | indian Geography
Where is India? 
Geography of india for kids | geography of india | indian Geography

India is in south Asia, a large country, it is the 7th largest country in the world. It borders with 7 other countries. They are: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Population of India

The population of India is 1,417,173,173 (Aug 2022 estimate). It is the 2nd largest population in the world. One in every six people in the world live in India. It is 31st most densely populated country in the world. 

Land area

India covers an area of 3,287,263 sq km sq km. It is roughly one third the size of America or China. Twice as big as Iran or Mongolia and ten times as big as Malaysia or Norway.

Languages of India

There are 14 official languages of India with Hindi, Bengali, Telugu and Marathi being the most widely spoken. 

Flag of India. 

The flag has three equal horizontal bands of saffron (top), white, and green, with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band. The saffron represents courage, sacrifice, and the spirit of renunciation; the white signifies purity and truth whilst the green stands for faith and fertility; the blue chakra symbolizes the wheel of life in movement and death in stagnation

The flag of india | The indian flag | geography of india | indian Geography

Capital city of India

The capital city of India is New Delhi, which has a population 32,063,000 people living in the metropolitan area. This makes it the 2nd largest city in the world.

National day

India celebrates Republic day on the 26th January every year. 


Being a large sub-continent as India is, it enjoys a wide range of climates from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north and dry desert like in the north-west. India is home to the wettest place on earth. 


In India, the Rupee is used for currency. 

Time zone

The entire country sits in the same time zone, the time in India is five and a half hours ahead of GMT.

Geography Images  -  India. 

India is home to many famous historic buildings that can be dated back hundreds of years. From the many fine temples, palaces and monuments to the stunning natural scenery, India's tourism industry now receives 6.6million international tourists a year. 

Beautiful India -

The countryside throughout India is renowned for having many beautiful vistas and stunning scenic backdrops. For more images that capture the natural beauty of India, click on the link below.  

travel in india

Facts about India

largest city in india

Mumbai is the largest city in India

according to India Census

Top 10 largest cities in India*

1   Mumbai                12,478,000

2   Delhi                      11,007,000

3   Chennai               8,425,000

4   Hyderabad        6,809,000

5   Bangalore           5,570,000

6   Ahmedabad      4,681,000

7   Kolkata                 4,486,000

8   Surat                      4,462,000

9   Pune                       3,115,000

10  Jaipur                   3,073,000


*as measured by the cities official boundaries. Many of these cities have grown well beyond their city boundary.

Farming In India

53% of India is cultivatable land and farming forms a large part of the economy. See below for India's largest crops in 2012.


1   Rice                          $40.8 billion

2   Milk (Buffalo)     $26.3 billion

3   Milk (Cow)             $16.8 billion

4   Wheat                     $14.3 billion

5   Sugar cane           $10.6 billion

6   Mangos                    $9.1 billion

7   Cotton                      $7.6 billion

8   Potatoes                 $7.1 billion

9   Bananas                  $7.0 billion

10   Tomatoes            $6.5 billion


Source: Faostat

tea growing in india
Tea Plantation

India grows 25% of all the tea in the world.

The average family in India has 2.55 children.

Life expectancy:

for men is 66.4 years

for women is 68.7 years

Source CIA factbook

indian Geography
Service in India

The IT services industry in India is a growing force on the world stage earning $100 billion in 2012. 

Employing 2.8 million people directly and 8.9 million indirectly, it now accounts for 25% of India's export earnings and it is growing at an annual rate of 9%.

Source: Wikipedia

delhi suburbs

New homes in a Delhi suburb.

Urban or Rural?

31% of the population are considered urban living in 5100 towns and cities. 

delhi rail network
Transport in India

India has 63,300 miles or railway track making it the 4th largest rail network in the world. Here we can see the new metro line in New Delhi. The average Indian travels 636 km a year by rail.

Source: Economist 

Family life in India

Home to India's IT industry.

Videos for school - India

The Indian National anthem.

Fascinating facts about India.

In this topic, we look at the geography of India. We look at facts about India and images of India and learn where India is. We go on to find out more about India through the use of interesting images on India and this pages leads on to more wonderful resources all designed to help you learn about the Geography of India. Through the use of high quality images and resources, we hope to bring learning about the country of India alive for you.


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