GEOGRAPHY OF AUSTRALIA

Geography topics for you to learn and enjoy
Geography topics for you to learn and enjoy
Australia map

Facts about Australia

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Where is Australia?
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Australia is in Oceania, a large country, it is the 6th largest country in the world. An island continent, it lies between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. 

Population of Australia

The population of Australia is 22,507,617 (Jul 2014 estimate). It is the 52nd largest population in the world. Australia is a very large country with a relatively low population. In fact there are only five countries in the world with a lower population density.  

Land area

Australia covers an area of 7,741,220 sq km. It is slightly smaller than the US mainland. It is four times the size of Indonesia and Mexico.  It is the largest country entirely in the southern hemisphere and the largest country without any land borders.

Languages of Australia

Australia does not have an official language however English is spoken by 77% of the population and used as a national language. The next most spoken language is Mandarin spoken by 1.6% of the population.

Capital city of Australia

The capital city of Australia is Canberra, which has a population 381,488 people living in the metropolitan area. This makes it the 8th largest city in Australia.

aussie flag

Canberra

Flag of Australia

The flag of Australia has the Union flag in its top left hand corner and the Southern Cross constellation of stars located on its right hand side. The last element that makes up the flag of Australia is the Commonwealth star which sits underneath the Union flag. 

aussie flag

National day

Australia celebrates Australia Day every year on the 26th January. It recognises the date of the founding of the first European settlement in Sydney.

Time zone

Australia sits 8-11 hours ahead of Universal Central Time or UTC. Some states observe daylight saving time whilst others do not. 

Currency

In Australia, the Australian Dollar is used for currency. 

Climate

Australia's large size gives it a wide variety of landscapes from the tropical rainforests in the north to the temperate landscapes in the south and the desert in between. Australia is the only continent in the world not to have glaciers. 

Images  of Australia. 

The fireworks in Sydney Harbour at New Year draw large crowds and are renowned worldwide. 

Maps of Australia. 

Australia as seen from space gives a very good idea of where the different climatic zones are located. 

Facts about Australia

Geography of australia
Perth

Perth is the fastest growing major city as measured by the last census.

Top 10 largest cities in Australia*

1   Sydney                                         3,908,642

2   Melbourne                                  3,707,530

3   Brisbane                                       1,874,427

4   Perth                                               1,627,576

5   Adelaide                                        1,103,979

6   Gold Coast/Tweed Heads      533,660

7   Canberra/Queanbeyan           391,474

8   Newcastle                                        303,308

9   Central Coast                                  297,713

10  Wollongong                                   245,942

 

*as measured by the continuous built up area in each city in the 2011 census.

Farming In Australia

60% of food produced on Australian farms is exported feeding 40 million people every day.

 

1   Cattle and calves      $7.7 billion

2   Wheat                              $7.2 billion

3   Vegetables                  $3.8 billion

4   Whole milk                   $3.7 billion

5   Fruit and nuts            $3.7 billion

6   Wool                                $2.5 billion

7   Canola                            $2.3 billion

8   Sheep and lambs    $2.2 billion

9   Poultry                         $2.2 billion

10  Barley                          $2.1 billion

 

Source:Australian Bureau of Statistics

Wheat farm in Australia

As populations in Asia contiue to grow, Australia is well placed to develop large export markets for food products.

The average family unit in Australia has 1.77 children.

Life expectancy is high. The 10th highest in the world. Life expectancy 

               for men is 79.6 years

               for women is 84.6 years

Source CIA factbook

Service in Australia

The service industries account for over two thirds of the economy and the largest employment segment in the service sector is the retail trade. This is followed by private healthcare and professional services.

Source: Wikipedia

A modern Sydney home

Urban or Rural?

89% of the population are considered urban living in the towns and cities. 

Transport in Australia

Due to the large distances involved, Australia has the world's 9th longest road network and the world's 9th largest air travel market. Car ownership is often essential in rural areas and Australis has the 8th highest car ownership per 100 people in the world. 

Source: Economist 

Shopping in Perth
A road train carrying fuel
Family life in Australia

Videos for school - Australia

The Austalian National anthem.

Fascinating facts about Australia

In this topic, we look at the geography of Australia. We look at facts about Australia and images of Australia and learn where Australia is. We go on to find out more about Australia through the use of interesting images on Australia and this pages leads on to more colourful resources all designed to help you learn about the Geography of Australia. Lets read on to find out more about what makes Australia such a fascinating country to study.