All the volcanic words that you are likely to encounter when studying the geography topic of volcanoes. Complete with the correct geography definition and pictures to help your understanding.
Ash and dust
– a volcano that has erupted recently and is expected to erupt again.
– fine material thrown out by a volcano.
– the central part of the earth.
– a roughly circular opening at the summit of a volcano.
Mount Fuji in Japan.
– the thin layer of the earth.
– a volcano that has erupted in the last 2,000 years but not recently.
– a sudden movement, or termor, of the earth’s crust.
– a volcano that is not expected to erupt again.
– a natural danger to people and their property and way of life. Hazards include earthquakes, storms, drought and floods.
This lava flow has buried a road in Hawaii.
– molten rock (magma) that usually flows from the crater of an active volcano
- molten rock below the earth’s surface.
– where molten rock is found deep below the earth’s surface.
– a great force of nature, such as an earthquake, flood or storm, which is a threat or danger to people and their way of life.
- the place where plates meet on the earth’s surface and where most of the world’s earthquakes occur and volcanoes may be found.
– large sections of the earth’s crust.
A destructive plate boundary.
‘Ring of fire’
– a scale used to measure the strength of an earthquake.
– A circle of active volcanoes found around the edge of the Pacific Ocean.
– An instrument used to measure the strength of an earthquake.
– an opening in the earth’s crust through which material is forced upwards during a volcanic eruption.
– Large rocks fragments thrown out by an erupting volcano.
– a cone-shaped mountain or hill often made up lava and ash.
A lava flow.