In this topic, we look at the location, growth and nature of settlements. They compare settlements from different locations around the world and then identify the patterns you can find in settlements. There are some wonderful ideas for geography models to make with the theme of settlements. We have also collected some thought provoking images and ideas to help you understand more about the Geography topic of settlements.
Settlements came in many shapes and sizes depending on the situation. There are some common patterns that emerge and these can be seen in the diagram below. Nucleated settlements are ones that have buildings packed close together. Linear settlements will follow a road, coastline or river and have their buildings in a long line. Dispersed settlements are ones that have their buildings spread out over a large area.
This linear settlement follows a road and a shoreline.
This nucleated settlement centres on a road junction.
This dispersed settlement has its houses spread out over a wide area.