SETTLEMENT DIAGRAMS

In this topic, we look at the location, growth and nature of settlements. They compare settlements from different locations around the world and then identify the patterns you can find in settlements. There are some wonderful ideas for geography models to make with the theme of settlements.  We have also collected some thought provoking images and ideas to help you understand more about the Geography topic of settlements.

Geography topics for you to learn and enjoy
Geography topics for you to learn and enjoy

Settlement diagrams

Settlement Hierarchy

As cities increase in size, they become fewer and further between. This diagram explains the relationship between the number of settlements of that size and the population of that settlement.

settlement hierarchy | settlement geography

Settlement models

These models aim to explain the patterns found in our cities. Created by two geographers under the names of Burgess and Hoyt, they look at why we always find our skyscrapers in the centre of cities and our commuter housing further out. 

settlement models - learning about settlement patterns in geography

Settlement models

In this diagram, you can see the evolution of settlement pattern theory. You can see the simple concentric model followed by the sector model and the multiple nuclei model .These models aim to explain the urban patterns seen in settlements.

Settlement geography | settlement diagram | KS3 geography

Settlement patterns

Settlement geography | settlement patterns | CE geography settlements | KS3 geography
Settlement geography | settlement patterns | CE geography settlements | KS3 geography

Settlements came in many shapes and sizes depending on the situation. There are some common patterns that emerge and these can be seen in the diagram below. Nucleated settlements are ones that have buildings packed close together. Linear settlements will follow a road, coastline or river and have their buildings in a long line. Dispersed settlements are ones that have their buildings spread out over a large area. 

Settlement geography | settlement patterns | CE geography settlements | KS3 geography
Settlement geography | settlement patterns | CE geography settlements | KS3 geography

This linear settlement follows a road and a shoreline. 

This nucleated settlement centres on a road junction.

This dispersed settlement has its houses spread out over a wide area.