Here we look at the different features of coastal erosion. These being those that form together on headlands, for example, caves, arches, stacks and stumps. We also look at the formation of bays and how they relate to headlands. We look at the processes involved in coastal erosion and then have diagrams which help explain the formation of the features involved.
Headlands and bays
Formation of headlands and bays
Waves attack a discordant coastline*.
The soft rock is eroded more quickly than the hard rock.
The eroded material piles up in the bay forming a beach.
The headlands remain protruding out further than the bay.
*Discordant coastline - A discordant coastline occurs where bands of different rock type run perpendicular to thecoast. The differing resistance to erosion leads to the formation of headlands and bays.