All the vocabulary that you are likely to encounter when studying the geography topic of coasts. Complete with the correct geography definition.

Geography topics for you to learn and enjoy
Geography topics for you to learn and enjoy

Coastal vocabulary

Abrasion
Arch



Attrition
Backwash

Bay
Beach
Cave



Cliff

 

– waves throwing pebbles at cliffs.
– a coastal feature formed when waves erode through a headland.
– pebbles hitting each other in the waves.
– the water that rolls back down a beach after a wave has broken.
– a wide, curved inlet of a sea or lake.
– an area of sand or pebbles along a coast.
– a hollow in a cliff formed by wave action enlarging a crack in the cliff.
– a steep rocky slope that may overlook the sea.

 

coast words with all their definitions

 

Coastline
Corrosion
Current
Deposition landforms



Erosion landforms

Discordant coastline
Fetch



Groyne

 

– is where the land meets the sea.
– dissolving of rock by acid in water.
– the flow of water in a certain direction.
– landscape features made up of material that has been laid down.
– landscape features resulting from the wearing away of rock.
– alternating bands of soft rock and hard rock.
-   the distance in the direction of the prevailing wind that air or water can travel continuously without obstruction.
– a wall built into the sea from the seashore to create a beach by trapping sand carried by longshore drift

coast words with all their definitions

 

Headland


Hydraulic action
 

Landslide
Longshore drift


 


– a part of the coastline that juts out into the sea and usually ends in a cliff.
– water trapping air in cracks and caves and the force of the water itself against the cliffs.
– the downward sliding of a large mass of earth and rock
– the process whereby beach material is gradually shifted along a beach by waves meeting the shore at an oblique angle.

 

Salt marsh

Sea defences

Sea wall
Spit



Stack

Stump
Swash
Undercutting

Waves

– low coastal grassland that is frequently overflowed by the tide.

– features added to a coast to protect it from erosion and flooding
– an embankment to prevent erosion of a shoreline.
– a long narrow accumulation of sand and shingle that grows out from the coastline
– a detached pillar of rock on a sea coast separated from the mainland by erosion.
– a short stack formed after erosion shortens the stack.
– the waves washing up the beach.
– to create an overhang by cutting material away from a cliff.
– formed when wind blows over the sea

Coast words with all their defintions

COAST WORDS